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Контрольная работа № 1 по английскому языку МЭСИ Минск
Тип: Тематика работ  
Тема: Контрольная работа № 1 по английскому языку МЭСИ Минск
Предмет: Английский язык
Год, когда сдавалась: 2014
Добавил: Админ
Опубликовано: 29/10/2014
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Задание 1

К представленным глаголам (А) подберите однокоренные слова (В). Образовавшиеся группы переведите на русский язык.

A. Relate; use; mean; provide; consume; supply; own; function; govern; compete.
B. Competitor; provider; functioning; competition; owner; user; meaning; relationship; provision; government; consumer; ownership; usage; supplier; consumption.

Задание 2

Прочитайте и переведите на русский язык следующие цепочки имен существительных.

Business environment; business enterprise; business unit; market sector; community activity; goods supplier; wealth increase; organization functioning; enterprise control; market intermediaries.

Задание 3

Прочитайте и переведите на русский язык следующие словосочетания.

The state of being busy; depending on the scope; a matter of debate; complexity of meanings; not-for-profit businesses; a set of conditions; uncontrollable in nature; according to the change; beyond the control; close to business.

Задание 4

Прочитайте следующие предложения. Определите время и залог сказуемого. Переведите предложения на русский язык.

1. At present organizations are searching for creative leaders more than ever before.
2. Forty-three percent of holiday shoppers use debit cards as their primary form of payment.
3. Singapore\'s economy is highly exposed to global trade.
4. In the 18th century Britain had a lead in the textile industry.
5. Because of low birth rates Europe will soon have fewer people who work and fewer people who pay taxes.
6. These days much less coffee is being grown in Columbia.
7. They have put up interest rates again.
8. The introduction to the report was written by the chief manager.
9. Flights were disrupted by a stoppage of air-traffic controllers.
10. A rise in panic sales of new second homes had drawn the attention of tax controllers.

Задание 5

Прочитайте и письменно переведите на русский язык текст
“Business and Business Environment”.

Business and Business Environment

The etymology of \"business\" relates to the state of being busy either as an individual or society as a whole, doing commercially viable and profitable work. The term \"business\" has at least three usages, depending on the scope — the singular usage to mean a particular organization; the generalized usage to refer to a particular market sector, \"the music business\" and compound forms such as agribusiness; and the broadest meaning, which encompasses all activity by the community of suppliers of goods and services. However, the exact definition of business, like much else in the philosophy of business, is a matter of debate and complexity of meanings.
A business (also known as enterprise or firm) is an organization designed to provide goods, services, or both to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies, in which most of them are in private ownership and formed to earn profit to increase the wealth of their owners. Businesses may also be not-for-profit or state-owned. A business owned by multiple individuals may be referred to as a company or corporation.
Business environment may be defined as a set of conditions – social, legal, economic, political or institutional - that is uncontrollable in nature and affects the functioning of organization. Business environment has two components:
1. Internal environment.
2. External environment.
Internal environment includes 5 Ms, i.e. man, material, money, machinery and management, usually within the control of business. Business can make changes in these factors according to the change in the functioning of enterprise.
External environment relates to those factors which are beyond the control of business enterprise. These factors are: government and legal factors, geo-physical factors, political factors, socio-cultural factors, demographic factors etc. It is of two types:
1. Micro/Operating environment.
2. Macro/General environment.
Micro/Operating environment is close to business and affects its capacity to work. It consists of suppliers, customers, market intermediaries, competitors and public.
Macro/General environment includes factors that create opportunities and threats to business units. They are economic environment, political environment, social and cultural environment, technological environment, natural environment, demographic environment, and international environment.

Задание 6

Укажите верно (T) или ложно (F) следующие утверждения.

1. The term business hasn’t been a matter of debate.
2. A business is also known as an enterprise or a firm.
3. A business functions in business environment.
4. A company or corporation may only be owned by one individual.
5. Business environment influences the functioning of the organization.
6. Operating environment doesn’t deal with the capacity of an organization to work.
7. Technological environment is one of the factors that create threats to a business.
8. Businesses are defined as not-for-profit organizations.
9. Three components make business environment.
10. Changes can be made in both components of business environment.

Задание 7

Завершите следующие предложения.

1. A word business means … .
2. A business refers to … .
3. Business environment is defined as … .
4. Internal environment is usually … .
5. Macro environment includes … .

Задание 8

Ответьте письменно на следующие вопросы.

1. What is meant by business?
2. How many usages does the term business have?
3. Why businesses are usually formed?
4. Who usually owns businesses?
5. What is business environment defined by?

Задание 9

Составьте деловое письмо.

Задание 10

Напишите краткое сочинение (10-12 предложений) о себе (“About Myself”).
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